Contact Us: 03 8372 5723

Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)

What is Applied Behaviour Analysis?

Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is not a therapy in itself but a theory or a set of principles on which some therapies are based.

The theory identifies various teaching techniques that generally involve breaking down complex skills (or behaviours) into smaller steps and teaching them through the use of clear instructions, rewards and repetition.

Who is ABA for?

ABA teaching techniques can be used for any child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

What is ABA used for?

The ABA approach can help children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) learn new ways of interacting with others, improve academically and use the skills they learn in different settings, whether it be at home, school or in the community.

It can also help children replace difficult behaviour with more appropriate behaviour, such as using words to ask for an object rather than screaming. This also includes teaching children how to follow instructions, take turns, play with others, use the toilet and get dressed.

Where does ABA come from?

ABA is an approach based on learning theory and the theory of behavioural psychology, which have been around since the early 1900s.

What is the idea behind ABA?

The key idea behind ABA is that most human behaviour is learned through our interaction with our environment. What happens before and after any behaviour influences the likelihood of it being repeated. For example, if a behaviour is rewarded, it’s more likely to happen again. If it’s not rewarded, ignored, or punished, it’s less likely to happen again.

ABA uses this idea to teach and encourage new and appropriate behaviour in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

What does ABA involve?

Applied Behaviour Analysis based programs generally involve:

  • Assessing the child’s current skills and difficulties.
  • Setting goals and objectives – for example, learning how to say ‘hello’.
  • Measuring how often the behaviour or skill happens currently.
  • Designing and implementing a program that teaches the ‘target’ skill.
  • Ongoing measurement of the ‘target’ skill to see whether the program is working.
  • Ongoing evaluation of the program itself, making changes as needed.

How programs incorporate and apply these elements will vary. The way they’re applied will also differ from one child to the next. An ABA-based program can be run in the family home, at a clinic, at school or at a centre (such as an early intervention service), or in a combination of two or more of these settings.

Our Location

  • Melbourne
  • 8 Kyneton Circuit, Caroline Springs, VIC 3023
  • Phone: 03 8372 5723
  • Fax: 03 8372 5770

Opening Hours

  • Monday - Friday: 9 AM - 9 PM
  • Saturday: 9 AM - 3 PM
  • Sunday: Closed

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Western Plains Psychology

8 Kyneton Circuit, Caroline Springs VIC 3023 • Phone: 03 8372 5723 • Fax: 03 8372 5770 • Email: